SerberisJ] PLOEA INDICA. x^i
HAB. InJEIimaiaya prrccipue occidental i tcmpcraia et subalpina, ra-
riufei in orientali; in moutibus Belucliistan. a. ndrmalk. Kashmir,
Kishtwar,. alt. 5-10,000 ped.l /?. cratagina. Balti et Kashmir, alt.
8-10,000 ped.! ; Beluchistan ad Kdzt,. Stocks! y. jEtnemis. In Hima-
laya temperate et subalpina, a Simla usque ad Balti vulgatissinia' ait.
6-12,000 ped.! #. brackybotrys. In Himalaya ternpeYata et.subalpiua,
a Simla ad Kashmir frequens, alt. 6-12,000 ped.l Sikkim, vallihns in-
terioribus, alt. 9-11,500 ped.! e. Cretica. Garhwal! Kunawar ! Kash-
mir, alt. 9-11,000 ped.! Balti, 10,000 ped.! (FL vere.) &v.)
DISTBIB. a. In Europa boreali ! et media ! Podolia ! Persia boreali !
Asia minore I ft. In Europa' centrali ! et orientali ! Rumelia ! Turco-
mania! in Asia occidentali et central!," Soongaria! necnon in montibus
Americas borealis! y. In mout. Hispanise australisl et Sicilise.
eu In montibus Hispaniae australis 1 et iusularum mans Mediterranei 1
Asiae Minoris ! et in Japonia (Thumb).
Our, Kashmir specimens ar£in no way distinguishable from the common English
form of B. vufyaris; they have obovate membranous leaves, narrowed into rather
long petioles, long pendent racemes, with subfasciculate pedicels, and obovace-oblong,
compressed, scarlet berries, with, two to five seeds, and sessile stigmata. The bark is
attacked by a minute fungus, giving it a dotted appearance, as in England, an
led Torrcy and Gray (PI. N. Am. p. 50) to give the dotted bark as a distinguishing'
character between B. oulgaris and B. Qanadensis. Proceeding eastward from Kash-
mir the form gradually changes. The glands or rather thickened nerves on the pe-
tals arc very variable ; sometimes there are two diverging thickened lines or tuber-
cles, and at others these divide, and in some cases the two lateral nerves unite with
the central into a fleshy opaque mass.
£. cratogina. Although there are some differences in the fruits of the specimens
brought together under this variety or form, we do not find thai they are constant
or accompanied with any other characters whatever. It is hardly distinguishable, .
except by the want of a style, from vars. normalis and jhri&unda of B, aristafa.
Stocks considered his Kelat specimens as undoubted B. wiffam.
B. emarginata and B. Turcomanica have finely toothed leaves. B. Ca,nadensis
has the toothing of Ttircoma,mca> with, berries like those of emarginata and a, nor-
malis ; some specimens of it in the Hookerian and Smithiau Herbaria, from Asa
Gray, Boott, Hort. Paris, etc., are absolutely nndistinguishable from B. vutyaris.
With regard to some individuals" of this variety, they are more nearly allied'in habit
to B. aristata amongst the Himalayan Berberies, than to vulgaris, for they exhibit
the large awe of leaf and coriaceous texture of that plant. But a moment's reflec-
tion will "Slow that this is what should be expected, the hot summers, of Western
Asia, Siberia, and the Canadas being more favourable to the foliage' becoming co-
riaceous, than the damper climate of "Western Europe is ; and the same' thing hap-
£6&& in North-west India, where the forms of Berbery belonging to this group have
more-, membranous leaves in humid localities than in dry. Torrey and Gray indeed
say i|iat B, Canadensis is " very distinct from B. vufy&ris, with which it has ip
som0 degree been confounded" (Fl. Bor. Am. \.p. 50) j but these authors give do
characters that are not common to both European and Asiatic specimens of B. Vu|«
gari*> and authentic specimens from Dr. Gray show them to be specifically identic*!.
In- a letter Dr. Gray informs us that, as seen growing in America, they appeal- yfrry
Distinct, but that ao definite characters are observable; and the same may be suj £
ftxany forms of JB. vufyari* m this country, as- any good nursery-garden proves.
7. Mntnsis. Our extensive suites of specimens accord pcrfeofly with Moris' figure
*ad description, and vary a great deal iu the amount of toothing of the leaves and fl»
the length of the racemes (in which there is less tendency to become abbreviated aw